Once they had learnt to count and achieved their goal of counting to 100 as well as adding and subtracting numbers through play with various objects, they soon progressed naturally onto times tables. They were quick to realise that larger groups of numbers can be added by counting in sets for example in groups of twos rather than counting them individually.
First we start with repeated addition for example: 6 x 3 = 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 18
To help them grasp this, I give them concrete manipulatives to use such as blocks, beads or natural resources from outdoors such as pine cones.
They then progress onto arrays which show them that whichever way round they work out the sum it still equals the same answer.
Here is an example of work I did with my 5 year old when he was getting an understanding of what times tables meant.
Once he had an understanding of the 2 times table he started counting in twos using items, or going up the stairs in twos etc. to reinforce his understanding.
He also chants them out from flashcards and posters by skip counting and now finds it easy to recall them randomly.
Once he was confident, he then progressed onto learning his 5's and 10's which he found easy as he then had an understanding of what times tables were about and easily completed his workbooks and fun sticker revision book.
We then progress onto Multiplication being the inverse of division such as:
18 / 3 = 6 can now be worked out as 6 x 3 = 18
and then from there they are able to see Number Families
6 x 3 = 18
3 x 6 = 18
18 / 3 = 6
18 / 6 = 3
Hope this helps someone and feel free to comment if you have any suggestions/ideas. Follow us on Instagram